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The following resources can help you consider the various components of a good statistics task.  These are followed by several examples of investigations and lesson plans that can be used or adapted for use in the classroom.

  Considerations for Design and Implementation of Statistics Tasks

Author: Dung Tran and Hollylynne Lee

Source: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

This document can be used to consider the components of a statistical task as one develops, adapts, and analyzes tasks that can engage students in doing statistics.This guide includes questions about developing statistical sophistications aligned with the SASI framework and recommendations for implementing statistical tasks.


  Expert Panelists Discuss Task Design

In this video, watch a discussion of the expert panel around the decision making when designing statistical tasks. Consider how these recommendations might help you in creating tasks to use in your classroom. Resources mentioned in the video are available for download:

  • The Discrimination Task that Christine Franklin mentions is from the book Navigating through Data Analysis in Grades 9–12 by NCTM. Follow this link, scroll down to the gray box, and click on “Read an Excerpt” to download the PDF. Open the file with Adobe Acrobat or other PDF viewer or save it as a PDF.
  • The Roller Coaster data in CSV that Susan Friel discusses

[  Listen to a Podcast |  Read a Transcript ]


  A Sequence of Activities for Developing Statistical Concepts

Author: Chris Franklin and Gary Kader

Source: Statistics Teacher Network Newsletter

An in-depth article provides three investigation examples to illustrate the ways teachers can design tasks and support students’ reasoning across three levels of statistical sophistication. In this article, Chris and Gary refer to the levels in the original GAISE framework, from which we built the SASI framework


  What Makes a Good Question?

Author: Maxine Pfannkuch, Matt Regan, Chris Wild, and Nicholas Horton.

Source: Journal of Statistics Education

Read an excerpt from Pfannkuch et al.’s (2010) paper explaining how different ways of posing questions might influence students’ reaction. Especially, the authors consider how the questions might bear an image of descriptive (describing what is going on with the data collected) or inferential (making generalization from the data collected to a larger population)


  Investigating Jane’s Age

Author: Hollylynne Lee

Source: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

Consider how you and your students might investigate the following question. “If you met a female named Jane, how old do you think she would be?” How might you gather data, analyze it, and make a reasonable claim? Watch this brief animation that shows how a teacher and a group of high school students started to investigate this question.


  Suggested Resources for Difficult Topics

Source: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

For both the middle school and high school/introductory statistics assessment items, we identified several topic areas that are likely difficult to understand and teach. For each of these topic areas, we have suggested relevant free resources for you to explore. The topics are grouped under Descriptive Statistics and Inferential Statistics.


Lesson Plans and Example Investigations

  Schoolopoly Task

A nearby school is planning to create a board game modeled on the classic game of Monopoly. The game is to be called “Schoolopoly” and, like Monopoly, will be played with dice. Because many copies of the game will be sold as a fundraiser, several companies are competing for the contract to supply dice for Schoolopoly. Several companies, however, have been accused of making poor quality dice. These companies are to be avoided since players of Schoolopoly need to know that the dice they are using are actually “fair”.


  Human Body Task

This task was used in the Illustrating the SASI framework video. It is available here for you to download and use in your classroom.


  Mislabeled Variables

Author: Jennifer Nickell and Hollylynne Lee

This task is designed to have students investigate what variable types and reasonable data distributions one can expect from certain survey questions. Students must use the data collected from students’ responses to the survey to make claims about a matching survey question when the variable labels get all jumbled in a data set. To read how sixth-grade students engaged in this task, see the open access article from the Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School.


  Student Projects in Statistics

The link above goes to a playlist we created in You.tube of some of our favorite short videos created by high school students where they did an investigative project and reported their investigation through a video. These may inspire course projects for you to try with your students.


  Student-created parodies about statistics

The link above goes to a playlist in Youtube of a few short fun videos done by high school students that include parodies to popular music and movies that communicate some aspect of statistics. These may inspire projects for you to try with your students.


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