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The following resources examine how students engage with and reason about statistical investigations. A framework is presented that can assist in designing lessons and assessing students’ statistical work.

  Statistical Habits of Mind

Author: Hollylynne Lee and Dung Tran

Source: The Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

This brief reading describes statistical habits of mind and how they can be used in the four phases of a statistical investigation. Think about how you might help your students develop these habits when teaching statistics.


  Describing the Students Approaches to Statistical Investigations [SASI] Framework

Author: Hollylynne Lee and Dung Tran

Source: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

This brief paper provides details about the SASI framework and describes each component in the three levels across the phases of a statistical investigation. Consider how this framework might help you planning and implementing statistical tasks and assessments in your classroom.


  Illustrating the SASI Framework

Source: Friday Institute for Educational Innovation

Dr. Hollylynne Lee briefly overviews the SASI framework and showcases students’ reasoning at different levels with examples of students’ work on the Human Body task. A version of the Human Body task is available on the Extend Your Learning page for you to try out in your classroom.


  Expert Panelists Discuss Teaching and Learning Statistics

Watch an informative video of the Expert Panel discussing how the statistical investigation cycle is used in teaching, the differences between mathematics and statistics, and what statistical habits of mind we should help students develop.

[  Listen to a Podcast |  Read a Transcript ]


  Development of the GAISE Document

In this video, Christine Franklin gives more background for the context of the development of the GAISE report and framework, published by the American Statistical Association in 2007. Download the GAISE document for preparation of K-12 students and/or college level students.

[  Listen to a Podcast |  Read a Transcript ]


  Developing the Concept of Mean

In this video, Chris Franklin will walk you through the development of the concept of the mean for students and describe activities that can be used at levels A, B, and C.

[  Listen to a Podcast |  Read a Transcript ]


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